|Halal Ranking||13th in Global Muslim Travel Index (GMTI 2015)/Crescentrating|
|Halal-related agencies Intro|
Australia does not have a national-level centralised halal certification body.
Rather, relevant government agencies regulate third party certifiers under the Australian Government Authorised Halal Program (AGAHP), which means relevant government authorities, for example the Department of Agriculture, jointly issues halal certificates with approved Islamic organisations.
Halal production is a requirement for a number of Australian export markets, including Bahrain, Brunei, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE. In 2013-14, the total value of red meat exports from Australia to these countries was more than $1.4 billion. In the first quarter of 2015, more than 6,000 red meat halal certificates were issued for these markets through the Export Documentation System (EXDOC).
Australia also exports halal red meat and meat products to a number of other countries such as China, the United States of America, Singapore, Thailand and Japan. Depending on importing country or commercial requirements, meat may be accompanied by a halal certificate jointly endorsed by the department and an AIO, or a commercial halal certificate issued by an Islamic certifier only.
Under these circumstances, in the first quarter of 2015, the department jointly issued more than 5,000 electronic halal certificates for the export of halal certified red meat and meat products to 70 countries. This figure does not include any certificates issued commercially.
In the first quarter of 2015, 14 halal certificates were manually issued by the department across all markets. Export legislation includes robust powers for the regulation of halal red meat exports under the Export Control (Meat and Meat Products) Orders 2005 (the Meat Orders). To be eligible to export halal certified red meat and meat products, slaughter establishments must also comply with requirements under the Australian Government Authorised Halal Program (AGAHP).
|Halal compliance guidelines Intro|
The Australian Government Authorised Halal Program (AGAHP) includes requirements for the halal slaughter of livestock; and the preparation, identification, processing, storage, segregation and certification of halal red meat for export. It also includes responsibilities for all parties involved in the production and certification of halal red meat for export:
• The Approved Islamic Organisation (AIO) has the sole responsibility for all religious aspects of the production of halal meat for export. Only authorised Muslim slaughtermen may perform halal slaughtering procedures for halal products and the AIO must provide training to, and ongoing assessment of, authorised slaughtermen in matters directly related to religious slaughter. AIOs jointly certify halal export certificates with the department.
• The export establishment holds an Approved Arrangement with the department that addresses the halal production of meat, including identifying which AIO has been selected by the company to perform halal procedures and certify halal products. The establishment also identifies all halal meat with an official Australian Government halal stamp, as described in the Export Control (Prescribed Goods—General) Orders 2005 on the meat and/or packaging. The establishment provides training to authorised slaughtermen as it relates to personal hygiene, sanitation and animal welfare requirements.
• The department approves documented Approved Arrangements for establishments and AIOs; audits and verifies compliance with all non-religious aspects of the production of halal meat; and issues halal export certificates jointly with the AIO.
For the full requirements start with this document from the Australian Government Department of Agriculture.
|Halal-related trade and trading|
Australia-Malaysia Free Trade Agreement focusing on Halal
|Investment and Export Promotion Agencies Intro|
The Australian Trade Commission (Austrade) advances Australia's international trade and education, investment, and tourism interests by providing information, advice and services. Specifically, Austrade:
|Investment and Export Promotion Agencies Names|
|Company ownership limits |
(foreign and local)
Private foreign investors are required to seek prior government approval before acquiring a substantial interest (upwards of 15%) in a corporation or control of an Australian business valued above $248 million (in 2013 prices, indexed annually). All foreign government owned entities must apply to the Government for approval of any acquisition of Australian assets, irrespective of the asset value.
However, for investors from New Zealand and the United States, the $248 million threshold only applies for investments in certain sensitive sectors. In other sectors, a $1,078 million threshold applies.
Source: Parliament of Australia (http://www.aph.gov.au/)
|Media & Recreation||36.66|
|Pharma & Cosmetics||25.15|
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