• Australia Australia
Australia

Australia has an Australian Government Authorized Halal Program (AGAHP) and is recognised as a world leader in halal meat production. For the 2013-14 Financial Year, the value of certified halal red meat and meat product exports reached 1,420 million Australian dollars, with the biggest importers Indonesia (292 million Australian dollars), Saudi Arabia (279 million Australian dollars), and UAE (231 million Australian dollars). (Source: Australian Government Department of Agriculture)

The services sector is the largest part of the Australian economy, accounting for about 70 percent of GDP and 75 percent of jobs. Australia was comparatively unaffected by the global financial crisis as the banking system has remained strong and inflation is under control. (Source: Central Intelligence Agency)

 

GIEI Ranking15
Halal Ranking13th in Global Muslim Travel Index (GMTI 2015)/Crescentrating
Major Industries
MAJOR EXPORTSMAJOR IMPORTS

Iron ores and concentrates

Coal

Natural Gas

Education

Travel services

Gold

Recreational travel services

Crude Petroleum

Passenger motor vehicles

Refined petroleum

Freight transport services

Source: Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

 

 

 

Halal-related agencies Intro

Australia does not have a national-level centralised halal certification body.

Rather, relevant government agencies regulate third party certifiers under the Australian Government Authorised Halal Program (AGAHP), which means relevant government authorities, for example the Department of Agriculture, jointly issues halal certificates with approved Islamic organisations. 

From the Australian Government Department of Agriculture:

Halal production is a requirement for a number of Australian export markets, including Bahrain, Brunei, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE. In 2013-14, the total value of red meat exports from Australia to these countries was more than $1.4 billion. In the first quarter of 2015, more than 6,000 red meat halal certificates were issued for these markets through the Export Documentation System (EXDOC). 

Australia also exports halal red meat and meat products to a number of other countries such as China, the United States of America, Singapore, Thailand and Japan. Depending on importing country or commercial requirements, meat may be accompanied by a halal certificate jointly endorsed by the department and an AIO, or a commercial halal certificate issued by an Islamic certifier only.

Under these circumstances, in the first quarter of 2015, the department jointly issued more than 5,000 electronic halal certificates for the export of halal certified red meat and meat products to 70 countries. This figure does not include any certificates issued commercially.

In the first quarter of 2015, 14 halal certificates were manually issued by the department across all markets. Export legislation includes robust powers for the regulation of halal red meat exports under the Export Control (Meat and Meat Products) Orders 2005 (the Meat Orders). To be eligible to export halal certified red meat and meat products, slaughter establishments must also comply with requirements under the Australian Government Authorised Halal Program (AGAHP).

 

 

Halal compliance guidelines Intro

 From the Australian Government Department of Agriculture:

The Australian Government Authorised Halal Program (AGAHP) includes requirements for the halal slaughter of livestock; and the preparation, identification, processing, storage, segregation and certification of halal red meat for export. It also includes responsibilities for all parties involved in the production and certification of halal red meat for export:

• The Approved Islamic Organisation (AIO) has the sole responsibility for all religious aspects of the production of halal meat for export. Only authorised Muslim slaughtermen may perform halal slaughtering procedures for halal products and the AIO must provide training to, and ongoing assessment of, authorised slaughtermen in matters directly related to religious slaughter. AIOs jointly certify halal export certificates with the department.

• The export establishment holds an Approved Arrangement with the department that addresses the halal production of meat, including identifying which AIO has been selected by the company to perform halal procedures and certify halal products. The establishment also identifies all halal meat with an official Australian Government halal stamp, as described in the Export Control (Prescribed Goods—General) Orders 2005 on the meat and/or packaging. The establishment provides training to authorised slaughtermen as it relates to personal hygiene, sanitation and animal welfare requirements.

• The department approves documented Approved Arrangements for establishments and AIOs; audits and verifies compliance with all non-religious aspects of the production of halal meat; and issues halal export certificates jointly with the AIO.

 

For the full requirements start with this document from the Australian Government Department of Agriculture.

Halal-related trade and trading

Australia-Malaysia Free Trade Agreement focusing on Halal

Investment and Export Promotion Agencies Intro

The Australian Trade Commission (Austrade) advances Australia's international trade and education, investment, and tourism interests by providing information, advice and services. Specifically, Austrade:

  • Helps Australian companies to grow their business in international markets, including through administration of the Export Market Development Grants (EMDG) scheme and the TradeStart programme, and promotes the Australian education and training sector in international markets.
  • Provides coordinated government assistance to promote, attract and facilitate productive foreign direct investment (FDI) into Australia.
  • Provides advice to the Australian Government on its trade, tourism, international education and training, and investment policy agenda.
  • Develops policy, manages programmes and provides research to strengthen Australia’s tourism industry and to grow Australia's tourism market share.
  • Delivers Australian consular, passport and other government services in designated overseas locations.
Investment and Export Promotion Agencies Names
Trade Agreement
FTAs in ForceFTA Negotiations concludedSigned FTAsFTAs under Negotiation

1.     ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA

2.     Australia-Chile FTA

3.     Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations

4.     Australia-United States FTA

5.     Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement

6.     Korea-Australia FTA

7.     Malaysia-Australia FTA

8.     Singapore-Australia FTA

9.     Thailand-Australia FTA

1.     Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA)1.     China-Australia FTA

1.     Australia-Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) FTA

2.     Australia-India Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement

3.     Environmental Goods Negotiations

4.     Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement

5.     Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER) Plus

6.     Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

7.     Trade in Services Agreement

Source: Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, correct as at November 26, 2015
Company ownership limits
(foreign and local)

Private foreign investors are required to seek prior government approval before acquiring a substantial interest (upwards of 15%) in a corporation or control of an Australian business valued above $248 million (in 2013 prices, indexed annually). All foreign government owned entities must apply to the Government for approval of any acquisition of Australian assets, irrespective of the asset value.

However, for investors from New Zealand and the United States, the $248 million threshold only applies for investments in certain sensitive sectors. In other sectors, a $1,078 million threshold applies.

Source: Parliament of Australia (http://www.aph.gov.au/)